Faculty of Engineering Technology
Department Design, Production and Management
Master programme Industrial Design Engineering
As part of his / her masterassignment
will hold a speech entitled:
Textify – The introduction of sustainability as a choice criteria in the textile industry.
The textile industry is fourth in the list of most polluting industries. Most of this industry takes place abroad. This study is done for one of the few remaining weavers in the Netherlands, namely A.C. ter Kuile located in Enschede. In this thesis, the environmental impact of A.C. ter Kuile was investigated and a method is proposed on how this knowledge can enhance A.C. ter Kuiles market share.
The environmental impact of four types of A.C. ter Kuiles fabric was determined using life cycle assessment. This showed that the main impact is caused by the production of fibers. However, the fiber choice is mainly done by A.C. ter Kuiles customer, the fashion brand. Changing fibers will therefore result in a possible loss of customers. Making the industry more sustainable will therefore have to be a combined effort. To achieve this communication of the environmental impact to customers is essential. Therefor a new method is proposed, namely Textify.
Textify is based on LCA techniques, but differs as the impacts are not converted to environmental effects, but are converted to indicators specific for the textile industry. These indicators are: ‘Chemicals’, ‘Electricity’, ‘Land use’, ‘Raw material use’ and ‘Water use’. The four types of fabric were also examined using Textify. It was shown that the major causes of pollution found using the traditional LCA method, are also visible in the results of Textify. The results of the Textify method can be communicated to the customer via the Textify label.
The label communicates the environmental impact to customers and by this empowers them to choose fabrics which have the least environmental impact. Efforts done by A.C. ter Kuile to reduce the environmental impact, like using sustainable energy or different warp yarns, are communicated through the label and can convince customers to buy A.C. ter Kuiles product, resulting in a bigger market share.
This however, will be most effective in making the industry more sustainable when the label is incorporated throughout the industry. Only then the customer can see the difference between fabrics made worldwide, and participate in making the industry less polluting without sacrificing the fabrics quality.
|Prof. dr. ir. D. Lutters
Ir. M.E. Toxopeus
Ir. B. de Koeijer
(mentor from company)